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Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 8: Hail


Citation Electricité de France SA (EDF SA) Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 8: Hail, ETI, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5286/UKERC.EDC.000517.
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Author(s) Electricité de France SA (EDF SA)
Project partner(s) Electricité de France SA (EDF SA), Met Office, Mott Macdonald
Publisher ETI
DOI https://doi.org/10.5286/UKERC.EDC.000517
Download AdHoc_NUC_ST2039_9.pdf document type
Abstract The Natural Hazards Review project will develop a framework and best practice approach to characterise natural hazards and seek to improve methodologies where current approaches are inefficient. This is to improve energy system infrastructure design and the project is intended to share knowledge of natural hazards across sectors. The project will be completed in three stages. Phase one will focus on a gap analysis. Phase two will look at developing a series of improved methodologies from the gaps identified in phase one, and phase three will demonstrate how to apply these methodologies. Finally, phase 3 will develop a “how to” guide for use by project engineers.

Hailstones are a solid form of precipitation formed within large convective storms (i.e. thunderstorms). Smaller hailstones do require consideration, principally due to the hazard created when a depth of hail settles on the ground or on the roof of a structure. The depth of hail is also important as, like snow, the weight could cause roofs of buildings to collapse.However, much larger hailstones (diameters greater than 50 mm) are occasionally produced by violent storms. These hailstones can cause considerable damage.

This technical volume addresses:
  • Introduction
  • Description of the main phenomena
  • Observations, measurements techniques and modelling tools
  • Methodologies
  • Related phenomena
  • Regulation
  • Emerging trends
Associated Project(s) ETI-ST2011: Review of Natural Hazards
Associated Dataset(s) No associated datasets
Associated Publication(s)

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Case Study 1: Trawsfynydd

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Case Study 2: Dounreay

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Case Study 3: Hunterston

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Case Study 4: Teesmouth

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Case Study 5: Cottam

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Characterisation Technical Volumes and Case Studies - Presentation from Launch Event, 12 November 2018

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 10: Space Weather

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 11: Marine Biological Fouling

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 12: Hazard Combinations

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 1: Introduction to the Technical Volumes and Case Studies

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 2: Extreme High and Low Air Temperature

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 3: Extreme Wind

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 4: Extreme Precipitation

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 5: River Flooding

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 6: Coastal Flooding

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 7: Seismic, Volcanic and Geological Hazards

Natural Hazards Phase 3: Volume 9: Lightning

Natural Hazards Review - Annexe to main report documenting hazards in tabular form

Natural Hazards Review - Presentation - Review of Natural Hazards Project

Natural Hazards Review - Request for Proposals

Natural Hazards Review - Review of Natural hazard characterisation methodologies