The Natural Hazards Review project will develop a framework and best practice approach to characterise natural hazards and seek to improve methodologies where current approaches are inefficient. This is to improve energy system infrastructure design and the project is intended to share knowledge of natural hazards across sectors. The project will be completed in three stages. Phase one will focus on a gap analysis. Phase two will look at developing a series of improved methodologies from the gaps identified in phase one, and phase three will demonstrate how to apply these methodologies. Finally, phase 3 will develop a “how to” guide for use by project engineers.
This case study illustrates the appropriate use of the derived methodology for assessing the risks of natural hazards that may arise in the Dounreay area, which is located on the north coast of Scotland. Dounreay is home to onshore nuclear installations and offshore renewables testing facilities. The land in the area near Dounreay is exposed and vulnerable to natural hazards from the sea (specifically from the North Atlantic towards the west and the North Sea towards the east). Thus, Dounreay can be taken to represent both coastal (onshore) and offshore sites.Aspects of four different types of natural hazards are addressed in this case study: