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Resource characterization of sites in the vicinity of an island near a landmass


Citation Pérez-Ortiz, A., Borthwick, A.G.L., McNaughton, J., Smith, H.C.M. and Xiao, Q. Resource characterization of sites in the vicinity of an island near a landmass, Renewable Energy, 103: 265-276, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.10.086.
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Author(s) Pérez-Ortiz, A., Borthwick, A.G.L., McNaughton, J., Smith, H.C.M. and Xiao, Q.
Project partner(s) University of Edinburgh, General Electric Renewable Energy, University of Exeter, University of Strathclyde
Publisher Renewable Energy, 103: 265-276
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.10.086
Abstract Renewable energy technologies are undergoing rapid development, the global aim being to achieve energy security and lower carbon emissions. Of marine renewable energy sources, tidal power has inherent predictability and large theoretical potential, estimated to exceed 8000 (TW h)a(-1) in coastal basins. Coastal sites in the vicinity of an island near a landmass are prime candidates for tidal stream power exploitation by arrays of turbines. This paper characterizes numerically the upper limit to power extraction of turbines installed at such sites. It is demonstrated that the maximum power extracted from the strait is generally not well approximated by either the power dissipated naturally at the seabed or the undisturbed kinetic power of flow in the strait. An analytical channel model (C. Garrett and P. Cummins, The power potential of tidal currents in channels, Proc. R. Soc. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci., vol. 461, no. 2060, pp. 2563-2572, Aug. 2005) provides lower predictions than the present numerical model of available power in the strait due to the analytical model not accounting for changes to the driving head resulting from power extraction and flow diversion offshore of the island. For geometrically long islands extending parallel to the landmass, the numerically predicted extracted power is satisfactorily approximated by the power naturally dissipated at the seabed, and there is reasonable agreement with the estimate by the channel analytical model. It is found that the results are sensitive to choice of boundary conditions used for the coastlines, the eddy viscosity, and bed friction. Increased offshore depth and lower blockage both reduce the maximum power extracted from the strait. The results indicate that power extracted from the site can be maximum if extraction is implemented both in the strait and offshore of the island. Presence of the landmass and increasing island dimensions both enhance power extraction.

Highlights
  • Resource characterization of coastal sites defined as an island near a landmass.
  • Undisturbed kinetic or dissipated power do not approximate maximum power extracted.
  • Numerical results exceed those from an analytical model except for long islands.
  • Increased offshore depth and lower blockage both reduce the maximum power extracted.
  • Power extracted can be maximized with extraction in strait and offshore of island.
This work was partly funded via IDCORE, the Industrial Doctorate Centre for Offshore Renewable Energy, which trains research engineerswhose work in conjunction with sponsoring companies aims to accelerate the deployment of offshore wind, wave and tidal-current technologies
Associated Project(s) ETI-MA2003: Industrial Doctorate Centre for Offshore Renewable Energy (IDCORE)
Associated Dataset(s) EDC0000134: Tidal Energy Site Environmental Conditions Measured During the ReDAPT Tidal Project 2011-2014
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