||The Plug-in Vehicle Economics and Infrastructure Project is a core element of Electrification of Transport within Test Bed UK. The ETI will utilise the outputs of the project to support, inform and facilitate effective long-term benefits from the investments being made around the UK. The two primary objectives are:
The Electricity Distribution and Intelligent Infrastructure project (TR1002) is comprised of six Work Packages.
- Evaluate the potential role and economics of plug-in vehicles in the low carbon transport system: generate a quantified understanding of the market potential, cost models and carbon benefits case under defined scenarios of infrastructure investments, government intervention packages and finance model options across a number of key plug-in vehicle type/size/capability points; and
- Develop the technology tool-kit for delivering an intelligent infrastructure: create a verified open interoperability architecture and generate information to aid infrastructure planning (e.g. to indicate how many recharging points are needed and where they should be located, what mix of power levels are required, how the impact of plug-in vehicle recharging on the electricity distribution network should be managed, how the overall system can be simplified for consumers, etc).
This Executive Summary covers Work Package 2.1. The purpose of this Work Package was to determine what barriers may exist within the UK electricity distribution system, develop potential mitigation strategies and create a macro-level model to enable city-level planning of recharging infrastructure deployment. It concludes that
- Moderate uptake of plug-in vehicles could cause significant challenges for distribution networks if demand from recharging is uncontrolled
- Traditional network reinforcement, by way of substation upgrades and cable reinforcement, is likely to be increasingly inefficient
- Distribution Network Operators (DNOs) will need to move away from the conventional, passive reinforcement approach towards a ‘smart grid’ approach
- Success isalso reliant on effective consumer engagement, the costs of which are challenging to forecast.