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 Author  Dr Jim Halliday and Dr Alan Ruddell
STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
 Last Updated  27 March 2013
 Status  Peer reviewed document
 Download Landscape  PDF 595 KB

 Section 1  Overview  Section 6  Research Facilities and Other Assets
 Section 2  Capabilities Assessment  Section 7  Networks
 Section 3  Basic and applied strategic research  Section 8  UK Participation in EU Activities
 Section 4  Applied Research and Development  Section 9  International Initiatives
 Section 5  Demonstration Funding    
Section :

Characterisation of the field

The last two decades have seen the generation of electricity from wind energy transformed into a major industry. Large-scale commercialisation of wind energy in the UK started with onshore wind farms typically using 300kW wind turbines. The technology of multi-MW turbines has been developed and deployed rapidly to the extent that as of end 2012 there was a total of 8.445GW onshore and offshore installed capacity in the UK1. The UK has the largest amount of installed offshore wind in Europe, with a total of 20 windfarms and 2.948GW installed capacity, 58.9 of all offshore installations, as of end 20122.

Decades of experience in offshore structures and operations in the gas and oil industry has put the UK in a good position to exploit its offshore wind resource, and to engage in overseas developments.

Deployment of wind energy is rapidly accelerating in the UK, with 1.3GW installed in 2011 and 1.9 GW in 2012. At the end of 2012 the installed capacity would provide approximately 6 of the UK’s total electricity consumption in a normal year3.

This rapid deployment is expected to continue. As of June 2012 there was a total of 6.856GW wind capacity operational in the UK. In addition there was 4.174GW under construction, 5.129GW consented, and 11.985GW planned, so that as of June 2012 in the UK there was a total of over 28GW wind generation capacity operational, under construction, consented, or in planning4.

Wind energy is likely to be the biggest contributor to achieving the UK Government’s legal commitment to meet 15 of total energy demand from renewable sources by 2020 (this compares with renewables meeting only 1.5 in 2005). The Government believes this might be achieved with renewables meeting around 30 of electricity demand.

Offshore wind is a priority sector for investment by the UK’s Green Investment Bank, which has up to £3 billion funding available for a portfolio of green infrastructure projects5.

The Government’s Microgeneration Strategy promoted the installation of low carbon and renewable onsite energy technologies, known as “microgeneration”, and from April 2010 small-scale (less than 5MW) low carbon electricity generation has been incentivised by the Feed-In Tariff Scheme. The tariffs have been revised several times and in the case of small-scale wind generation, tariffs are significantly lower since December 2012.

Small wind turbines have been used for battery charging in remote power supplies, where a grid connection is not available or would be prohibitively expensive, and wind turbines have also been developed for mains connection in domestic applications.

A wide range of disciplines participate in wind energy research, from science and engineering to the environmental, geological and social sciences, providing vital information on the impact of building, operating and decommissioning wind turbines.

The amount of publicly-funded wind energy R&D carried out in the UK declined substantially from the 1980s, and by 2002, the direct publicly funded wind energy R&D budget was £2.2m. The volume of applied R&D in the UK is now rising, prompted by the drive for efficiency improvements and overall cost reduction. Key players include industry, universities and research institutions.

The UK Government agencies have increased funding to cut the costs of offshore wind power and accelerate its deployment around the UK. Of particular note are the £40M initiative announced jointly in 2008 by the Energy Technologies Institute and the Carbon Trust, and the £30M initiative for offshore wind innovation announced in 2011 by the Department of Energy and ClimateChange.

Research Challenges

Wind energy R&D is required to support the following aspects:

  • Improve the efficiency and reliability of wind turbines
  • Reduce the cost of energy production (esp. offshore)
  • Facilitate the optimum siting of machines
  • Reduce the impact on existing electricity infrastructure

A UKERC-sponsored wind energy road-mapping meeting was held in March 2009 and the resulting listof research topics, and an updated commentary written in December 2012 is available on the UKERC website6. Its primary aim was to identify priority areas for UK wind energy research, and a detailed list was compiled. Particular attention was drawn to the need for i) improved offshore resource modelling and wake models; ii) seabed modelling and understanding of scour; iii) turbine technology and modelling issues; iv) integration issues; and v) the need for UK experimental facilities.

The Low Carbon Innovation Co-ordination Group (LCICG) have developed Technology Innovation Needs Assessments (TINA’s) to identify key priorities for various technologies, including offshore wind7. This 2012 report summarises key needs in five sub-areas; turbines, foundations, collection and distribution, installation, and operation and maintenance. The LCICG analysis draws on the DECC report ‘2050 Pathways Analysis’ (2010)8, the UKERC report ‘The cost of offshore wind in UK waters’ (2010)9, and analysis by the Carbon Trust, as well as expert interviews.

1 EWEA report, Wind in power: 2012 European statistics
2 EWEA report, The European offshore wind industry: key trends and statistics 2012
3 EWEA report, Wind in power: 2012 European statistics
4 renewableUK report, Wind: State of the industry 2012
5 Green Investment Bank: Offshore wind
6 Record of the UKERC-supported Wind Energy Research Road Mapping meeting, David Infield, January 2013
7 Technology Innovation Needs Assessment (TINA) Offshore Wind Power, LCICG, February 2012
8 2050 Pathways Analysis, DECC, 2010
9 Great expectations: The cost of offshore wind in UK waters, UKERC, 2010

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Section :

Table 2.1: UK Capabilities

The UK capabilities in wind energy cover the whole range of technologies, from the design and manufacture of wind turbine generators, blades and towers; to resource prediction, monitoring, control, grid integration technologies, foundations, and onshore/offshore wind farm development and construction.

The market potential for onshore/offshore developments is high both in the UK and internationally. There are many international organisations involved in wind energy research, andthese are investing and collaborating with UK programmes such as through the EU Framework Programmes, and the IEA.

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Table 2.1: UK Capabilities

 UK Capability  Area  Market potential
High Wind farm development and exploitation High
Potential in the UK onshore/offshore in the short-medium term. High potential for European and global operations. Several UK companies are active abroad, particularly in the USA.
High Grid Integration High
Global potential for integration in strong and weak networks. UK industry has a high level of capabilities, backed up by research expertise.
High Wind power prediction High
Software tools and consultancy in this area are highly marketable. The UK has significant research and commercial expertise which has lead to a global lead in providing prediction tools and consultancy.
High Direct drive generators and power converters High
Global potential in the short-medium term for supply of generators and converters to wind turbine manufacturers
High Monitoring and Control High
Global potential market in the medium term for advanced control system designs that utilise measurements of loading and dynamic behaviour as input in order to mitigate fatigue loading. UK companies and academic research groups are at the forefront of developments in this field.
High Small wind turbines Medium
The UK market for domestic building mounted wind turbines is new but may develop quickly, with UK manufacturers already in a strong position to supply. There is high export potential to countries with similar urban requirements e.g. New Zealand. There is a large market for domestic wind turbines in the USA, where the requirement is characterised by larger machines on towers separate from the building.
High Blade materials technology and lifetime prediction Medium
There is a global market for advanced blade design related to the need to build larger wind turbines with high structural integrity, lifetime and safety. The UK capability is high in blade materials research, condition monitoring, and lifetime prediction
Medium Resource assessment High
Software tools and consultancy for resource assessment and wind farm siting are highly marketable, and already well developed in the UK.
Medium Offshore wind technologies including connection and foundations High
The UK market potential is high in the short-medium term. This is a growing market given the planning difficulties with onshore wind sites, and the potential for higher wind regimes offshore. Many European countries have operational offshore wind farms (Denmark, UK, Holland, Sweden, Ireland), and other countries are expressing intent (Germany, France, Spain, Belgium, and the USA).
Medium Wind turbine design and manufacture Medium
The market and deployment of wind turbines is accelerating world-wide. There is a significant advantage in siting wind turbine and blade manufacturing close to local markets. European and global suppliers are well-established. Increased demand is attracting new players particularly in China which provides a large market for technology transfer, training and software sales.

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Section :

Table 3.1: Research Funding | Table 3.2: Key Research Providers

The Research Councils UK (RCUK) Energy Programme aims to position the UK to meet its energy and environmental targets and policy goals through world-class research and training. Led by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), the RCUK Energy Programme brings together the work of EPSRC and that of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), and the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).

To date, the SUPERGEN initiative has been the primary delivery mechanism for sustainable energy research funded by the Research Councils’ Energy Programme.

The SUPERGEN Wind Consortium consists of seven academic research groups with expertise in wind turbine technology, aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, materials, electrical machinery & control, and reliability & condition monitoring. The Consortium has the active supportof 19 industrial partners, including wind farm operators, manufacturers and consultants.

The principle research objective is to achieve an integrated, cost-effective, reliable & available Offshore Wind Power Station, and research is focussed on engineering solutions to:

  • Improve the efficiency and reliability of wind energy
  • Reduce the cost of energy production
  • Facilitate the siting of machines
  • Reduce the impact on existing infrastructure

The EPSRC funds the Centre for Doctoral Training in Wind Energy Systems at the University of Strathclyde, the E-Futures Doctoral Training Centre for Interdisciplinary Energy Research at the University of Sheffield, and the Industrial Doctoral Centre for Offshore Renewable Energy (IDCORE) at the University of Edinburgh. The EPSRC Centres for Doctoral Training (CDT) represent a new approach to training PhD students, and aim to create new working/training cultures, build relationships between teams in industry and forge lasting links with industry.

The EPSRC also funds individual university-based research projects through its “Responsive mode” grant programme, as well as PhD research studentships and MSc’s through training grants.

In January 2013, EPSRC announced its intention to renew the Wind SUPERGEN consortium in the Hub model.

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Table 3.1: Research Funding

 Programme  Funding Agency  Description  Committed Funds  Period  Representative Annual Spend
RCUK Energy Programme Research Councils UK (RCUK) The Research Councils UK (RCUK) Energy Programme, is investing more than £625 million (2011 onwards) in wide-ranging energy research towards a low carbon future. This builds on an investment of £839 million over the previous eight years.

Within the RCUK Energy Programme, the RCUK Wind Energy Research Programme is led by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), together with research by the other Research Councils and the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), and via collaborative projects with other institutes such as the British Geological Survey, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory and Scottish Association for Marine Science.
  2011 on  
EPSRC Wind Energy Programme EPSRC The EPSRC Wind Energy Programme is aimed at research to improve efficiencies, reliability, handling intermittency of supply and environmental issues together with public perception and acceptability. The EPSRC wind energy project portfolio currently consists of 8 projects worth £14.25 million. £14.25M (total EPSRC funding) 2010 to 2014  
Wind Energy Doctoral Training Centres EPSRC The Wind Energy Doctoral Training Centre at the University of Strathclyde is meeting the needs of the wind energy industry by providing PhD graduates with the skills necessary to lead future developments in wind energy systems. Students will gain competencies in core aspects of wind energy systems engineering and understand the socio economic impact of wind energy systems.
Research studentships are awarded to engineering and physical science graduates to undertake a 4-year PhD. Ten studentships were awarded in 2009, and a further ten studentships were awarded to start in October 2013.
(included in total EPSRC funding above)
2010 to 2014  
Renewable Energy Doctoral Training Centres EPSRC The Renewable Energy Doctoral Training Centres include wind energy in their portfolio:

The E-Futures DTC for Interdisciplinary Energy Research at University of Sheffield covers a broad range of energy-related topics, covering conventional and renewable energy generation, conservation and efficiency, environmental science, and management issues in the energy supply chain.

The Industrial Doctoral Training Centre for Offshore Renewable Energy (IDCORE) The Universities of Edinburgh, Strathclyde and Exeter together with the Scottish Association for Marine Science and HR-Wallingford formed a partnership in 2011 to deliver the RCUK-EPSRC and ETI funded IDCORE, which includes wind energy in its portfolio. Thirteen PhD students started in 2012 and up to fifteen studentships are available for entry in 2013.

EPSRC funds 13 energy research centres for doctoral training, covering a broad porfolio of energy topics. These represent over £60 million of investment by the RCUK-EPSRC and over 600 early career researchers. EPSRC funds a Network of Energy Centres for Doctoral Training to promote collaboration on training programmes and research projects.
£13.5M (total) £3.4M approx. related to wind energy (included in total EPSRC funding above) £6.5M 2011 to 2015
2009 to 2018
2011 to 2020
EPSRC Wind Power Research EPSRC The Supergen Wind Energy Technologies Consortium consists of 6 Universities and 1 Research Laboratory, with the active support of 18 Industrial and Research partners. The objective of the research is to achieve an integrated, cost-effective, reliable & available Offshore Wind Power Station. To achieve this the project has four themes with wide-ranging topics:
  • The Wind Farm, including the offshore wind resource, wakes and aerodynamics, radar and the environment, optimisation of farm performance, and multiple wake impacts on machines
  • The Wind Turbine, including aspects of drive train dynamics, rotor-wind field interaction, turbine blade and tower materials, fault detection, and subsea turbine foundation
  • The Connection, including new offshore nacelle and substation equipment arrangements, offshore control schemes, connection to shore, integration of energy storage
  • The Wind Farm as a Power Station, including array performance, wind farm control, operation as a power station, integrated monitoring, operation research for the farm, integrated wind farm economics, and connection technology
(included in total EPSRC funding above)
3/2010 to 3/2014  
UKERC Energy Research Centre UKERC UKERC undertakes interdisciplinary research into sustainable future energy systems, and aims to inform UK policy development and research strategy.
An example is the report by UKERC on “The Costs and Impacts of Intermittency” , dealing largely with the intermittency inherent in wind generators. The report was targeted at non-specialists and policy makers, but also provides information for energy experts.
Research Base Funding EPSRC These include grants awarded to institutions for individual projects. Three projects were in progress as of January 2013. £0.38M (included in total EPSRC funding above) On-going  

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Table 3.2: Key Research Providers

 Name  Description  Sub-topics covered  No of staff  Field
Energy Technology Partnership The Energy Technology Partnership (ETP) is an alliance of twelve independent Scottish Universities, engaged in energy-related RD&D, with capability and research strengths across a wide spectrum of technologies, including the Wind Energy Theme
  • Generators and variable speed drives
  • Offshore wind turbines
  • Integrating wind power into the national grid
  • Environmental impact
  • Domestic wind turbines design
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering
The University of Aberdeen The Research programme in Energy Technologies within The Department of Engineering includes offshore wind farm arrays, power transmission and distribution systems
  • DC offshore grid network
  • Interconnecting offshore wind farms
  • Multiterminal HVDC
3 academic staff
3 researchers
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
University of Bristol Aerospace Engineering has started a large project in High Performance Ductile Composite Technology (HiPerDuCT)
  • Composite technology
  • Materials for wind turbine blades
4 academic staff
4 researchers
Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering
Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge Within the Department of Engineering, The Geotechnical and Environmental Research Group has wide interests, including offshore geotechnics, construction processes, and fundamental mechanics of soils.
  • Monopile foundations for offshore wind farms in shallow waters read more
  • Offshore wind farms for deep-water sites read more
3 academic staff
3 researchers
Civil Engineering
Cranfield University The School of Applied Sciences has an Industrial Doctorate Centre in Composites Manufacture.
  • Composites Manufacture
2 academic staff
2 researchers
Engineering and Technology
Durham Energy Institute The Durham Energy Institute is a multidisciplinary centre linking several departments, and covering six technology areas. This includes includes Wind Research within the Energy Conversion, Transmission and Distribution theme.
  • Reliability and condition monitoring of offshore wind turbines
  • Analysis of reliability of drive trains and electrical converters
  • Medium and small wind turbine converters
4 academic staff
10 researchers
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
University of Edinburgh The Institute for Energy Systems (IES) leads the innovative IDCORE Engineering Doctoral Centre in Offshore Renewable Energy (together with the Universities of Exeter and Strathclyde)
  • Offshore renewable energy
5 academic staff
Up to 14 researchers (all offshore energy technologies)
Aerospace Sciences Research Division, University of Glasgow The Fluid Dynamics research group integrates seven core research themes, including Wind Turbines
  • Modelling of unsteady flows on wind turbines
  • Rotor design using computational fluid dynamics
1 academic staff Mechanical, Aeronautical, and Manufacturing Engineering
Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Heriot-Watt University The EcoWatt2050 consortium includes Heriot-Watt University and the Universities of Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Strathclyde, Swansea and the Highlands and Islands, the National Oceanography Centre (Liverpool) and with Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
  • Quantifying the balance between energy extraction and environmental change
  • Criteria in marine spatial planning and policy development.
3 academic staff
3 researchers
Environmental Sciences
Imperial College London Several departments are active in energy research, Aeronautics, The Centre for Energy Policy and Technology (ICEPT), Electrical and Electronic engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.
  • Energy policy and issues related to the development of wind power
  • Aerodynamics
  • Renewable energy integration and flexible transmission
9 academic staff
9 researchers
Engineering and Technology
Lancaster University Two departments are active in the energy field, Engineering, and Mathematics and Statistics
  • Condition monitoring of distributed generation systems
  • Time-series analysis of non-statioary energy data
2 academic staff
2 researchers
Engineering and Technology
Physical Sciences and Mathematics
University of Liverpool Energy Technology is one of three key research themes in in the Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department
  • Control of induction generators in variable speed wind turbines
1 academic staff
1 researcher
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology, Loughborough University The Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST) provides research, demonstration and training in renewable energy technologies
  • Network integration
  • Remote condition monitoring
  • Resource assessment and wind turbine micro-siting
  • Small wind turbine aerodynamics and design
  • Wind Power Forecasting
  • Wake Modelling
  • Climate Change Impacts
8 academic staff
7 researchers
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Flow Analysis, Manchester Metropolitan University The Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Flow analysis (CMMFA) is a centre for excellence in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and specialises in the development and application of computational hydraulics.
  • Computation of hydrodynamic flows and current induced scour around offshore turbine mounts read more
2 academic staff Computer Science and Informatics
Composite Materials Group, University of Manchester The Composite Materials Group conducts research on composites and new materials, applicable to wind turbine blades and towers.
It is one of ten research groups within the School of Materials, University of Manchester
  • Reduction of fatigue damage in blade and tower structures by materials selection, structural modification, or design
  • Fabrication and assembly of large blades
  • Condition monitoring, failure prediction and prevention
  • Large wind turbine designs, alternative designs and manufacturing technologies
  • Multi-functional blades, materials and structures
6 academic staff Mechanical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Manchester The School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering links fundamental research with developments in industry. Research in wind energy is carried out in two groups, The Electrical Energy and Power Systems Group, and the Power Conversion Group.
  • Optimisation of power system operation with large-scale penetration of renewable energy resources
  • Lightning protection of wind turbines
  • VSC-HVDC integration of offshore windfarms
  • Generator fault detection by spectral analysis of machine electromechanical signals
  • Control, machine design and power electronic converters for wind turbines
6 academic staff Electrical and Electronic Engineering
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, Newcastle University The School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering at Newcastle University contains four groups. The Power Electronics, Drives and Machines Group carries out research into motor design, novel electromagnetic devices, power semiconductor devices and circuits, and advanced control strategies.
  • Emulation of fast transients for design of grid-connected converters
  • Novel generators for wind power applications
  • Regulation of power from wind farm sites sited in rural weak grid locations
2 academic staff Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Power and Wind Energy Research (PaWER) Group, Northumbria University The PaWER Group is part of the Energy Systems and Advanced Materials Research Group, and carries out research in the areas of power-electronics applications in power networks, electric machines and drive systems, and renewable energy.
  • Power quality
  • Embedded generation and active control of power distribution networks.
  • Control of doubly-fed generators for wind power applications.
3 academic staff Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Robert Gordon University The School of Engineering offers research in wind generation
  • Transient stability of wind generators
1 academic staff
1 researcher
Engineering and Technology
Energy Research Unit (ERU), STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory The Energy Research Unit covers a broad range of topics in wind energy research including composite materials, condition monitoring, wind power output prediction, and energy storage
  • Composite materials
  • Blade condition monitoring, including thermoelastic stress and acoustic emission
  • Damage detection and characterisation using thermoelastic stress and thermography measurements
  • Wind power prediction
  • Energy storage
  • Integration into electrical networks
4 wind energy researchers, plus access to other STFC specialists as required Mechanical Engineering,
Electrical and Electronic Engineering,
Computer Science and Informatics
The Acoustics Research Centre, University of Salford The Acoustics Research Centre key research areas include remote acoustic sensing of metrological conditions, audio signal processing and transducer design
  • Advanced signal processing methods applied to acoustic wind profiling for use in wind farm assessment
1 researcher Computer Science and Informatics
Communications and Services Research Group, University of Stirling The Communications and Services research group has a wide ranging interest in communications network technologies, including the programmability of Wireless Sensor Networks in wind farms.
  • Distributed sensors for proactive condition monitoring of wind turbines
2 academic staff
1 researcher
Computer Science and Mathematics
Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde Wind energy related research and training is carried out in three Centres:
Industrial Control Centre, development and implementation of advanced control systems addressing linear and non-linear problems
Institute for Energy and Environment including the Renewable Energy Technology Group, researching advanced technologies and strategies to support renewable energy and electric vehicles
UK Wind Energy Research - Doctoral Training Centre combining training and research to enable PhD students to lead future developments in wind energy systems.
  • Wind turbine dynamics and associated control device technology and simulation
  • Wind turbine modeling
  • Design and implementation of advanced control systems for wind turbines
  • Integrated design of rotor, drive-train and control system
  • Embedded generation
  • Distributed Sensors for Proactive Condition Monitoring of Wind Turbines
20 academic staff
20 researchers
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Fluids and Vehicles Engineering, University of Surrey The Turbulence Research Group is concerned with fundamental aspects of turbulent flows of engineering and meteorological interest.
The Department of Chemical and Process Engineering runs an MSc Renewable Energy Engineering Course that includes a modules on Wind energy Technology
  • Wind flow modelling for resource assessment
  • Wind flow over hills
  • Wind turbine wake-wake interactions for large wind turbines
4 academic staff Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering
School of Engineering, University of Warwick Within the School of Engineering, research related to wind energy is within two groups:

Energy Conversion - Power Electronics, Applications & Technology in Energy Research (PEATER)

Sensors - Advanced Imaging and Measurement
  • semiconductor switching devices, MOSFET and IGBT technologies for power electronic converters
  • wireless monitoring of offshore wind towers and blades
  • condition monitoring power electronics for reliability
  • development of large future energy networks
20 academics
13 research fellows
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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Section :

Table 4.1: Research Funding | Table 4.2: Key Research Providers

The main funding for applied research in wind technologies in the UK is provided by UK Government agencies.

The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) supports and demonstrates key later-stage innovative technologies relating to energy supply and efficiency.

The Technology Strategy Board (TSB) supports collaborative medium-size research and development projects using technology-specific research calls.  The Energy Generation and Supply Knowledge Transfer Network (EG&S KTN), provided by the Technology Strategy Board (TSB), provides an effective way for industry and academia to collaborate online, network and share knowledge with other innovators.
The Low Carbon Funding Landscape Navigator, provided by the TSB, is a fully searchable database which helps identify the latest funding opportunities in the Low Carbon area, findpartners and help with consortia building.

The Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) is a public-private partnership that invests in developing full-system solutions to long-term energy challenges.

The Carbon Trust offers a wide range of support for low-carbon innovation mainly in the pre-market arena.

The Research Councils UK (RCUK) Energy Programme, described in Section 3.1, provides funding for basic strategic and applied research.

Funding is provided for sustainable development projects (which can include wind energy) by the Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) in England (until they were abolished on 31 March 2012), The Welsh Government, the Scottish Enterprise, and the Highlands and Islands Enterprise.

The European Union (EU) coordinates a Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan) that supports the development of energy technologies necessary for meeting the EU’s 2020 targets and 2050 vision. There are significant R&D activitiesby international companies; however this is generally commercial and consequently is difficult to identify and quantify.

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Table 4.1: Research Funding

 Programme  Funding Agency  Description  Committed Funds  Period  Representative Annual Spend
Innovation funding for low-carbon technologies, Department of Energy and Climate Change Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) In the UK Renewables Roadmap (July 2011), DECC announced funding of up to £30M for offshore wind innovation. DECC is funding two schemes from this budget: the Offshore Wind Accelerator, managed buy the Carbon Trust; and the Offshore Wind Component Technologies Development and Demonstration Scheme (3 calls for proposals)- See Section 5.      
Delivering innovation, Technology Strategy Board Technology Strategy Board (TSB) The Technology Strategy Board (TSB) is a business-focused organisation dedicated to promoting technology-enabled innovation across the UK. The activities of the TSB are jointly supported and funded by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), other government departments, and the research councils.
The TSB invests in research and development; builds partnerships to address major societal challenges; and runs a wide range of knowledge exchange programmes to help innovation flourish. The TSB energy programme will commit up to £35m per annum to help the UK energy industry.
The TSB is a member of the Low Carbon Innovation Coordination Group (LCICG), is a sponsor of the Energy Technologies Institute and, in addition works closely with other funding agencies such as the Department for DECC, the Research Councils, and the Carbon Trust to develop a coordinated Energy R&D programme for the UK.
Current funding of up to £11.2M is for developing the offshore renewable energy supply chain, including £10M by the TSB and DECC for developing the offshore wind supply chain, and £1.2M with the Natural Environment Research Council to establish knowledge transfer partnerships.
The TSB’s offshore renewable energy catapult (and forum) will focus on technologies applicable to offshore wind, tidal and wave power and is expected to go live in 2013.

Current TSB publications can be found in TSB publications
Archived publications can be found in GOV.UK publications
£25.5M (offshore renewables)

2007 to 2012

2012 onwards
Carbon Trust Technology Innovation Carbon Trust The Carbon Trust funds projects to identify and help accelerate emerging low carbon technologies.

The Applied Research Scheme offered grants up to £500k to projects which develop new low carbon technologies that will benefit the UK. Since 2002, total funding of £700k has been awarded to 6 wind projects, 4 of which concerned small or building-mounted wind turbines.

The Carbon Trust currently has identified 5 innovation programmes for targeted support. The Offshore Wind Accelerator (OWA) brings together nine nine international energy companies (with 36GW licensed wind generation capacity) in a joint industry project to work towards reducing the cost of offshore wind by at least 10 by 2015, and accelerate deployment of offshore wind on a path towards full commercialisation. The project comprises RD&D activities in foundations; wake effects; access, logistics and transportation; and electrical connection, cable installation and transmission systems.

The Offshore Wind Accelerator is two-thirds funded by industry and one-third funded by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and Devolved Administrations.
Applied Research: £700k

Offshore Wind accelerator: up to £10m
2002 onwards

Energy Technologies Institute - Offshore Wind Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) Established in 2007, the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) is a private sector organisation funded equally by member companies and the UK Government. It aims to make a major contribution to the achievement of UK energy and climate change goals.

Offshore wind is one of ETI’s nine Technology Programmes. The Carbon Trust and the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) announced plans for a £40m joint initiative to cut the costs of offshore wind power and accelerate its deployment around the UK. Four projects to receive funding totalling around £14m were announced in 2009, and a further three projects were announced in 2010 - 2011:
  • NOVA (Novel Offshore Vertical Axis Demonstrator) ( £2.8M / 2 years), design of a low maintenance, vertical axis offshore turbine.
  • Helm Wind ( £2.5M / 2 years), design of a low cost offshore turbine and array interconnection;
  • Deep Water ( £3.3M / 2 years), design of a floating 5MW deepwater turbine;
  • Condition Monitoring ( £5.1M / 3 years), developing condition monitoring systems for reduced electricity generation costs;
  • Offshore Wind Test Rig (two projects, £26.53M / 3 years), designing and implementing an indoor test rig at Narec capable of testing complete drive trains and nacelles up to 15MW (see Section 6).
  • Offshore Renewable Industrial Doctorate Centre (ETI £5.1M; EPSRC 1.4M) to train up to 50 students in the research and skills needed to accelerate the development of renewable energy technologies.


2010 to 2012
Scottish Enterprise - Energy Scottish Enterprise Offshore wind has been identified as a key strategic priority by Scottish Enterprise and the Scottish Government. Scottish Enterprise and Highlands and Islands Enterprise are planning a series of Research and Development funding calls that will offer funding support for projects that have the potential to reduce the cost of producing energy from offshore wind.

A Market Foresighting Report identified opportunities in addressing the following aspects of offshore wind projects:
  • Remote condition monitoring and control
  • Novel offshore operation and maintenance approaches
  • Alternative drive train design integration
  • Support structures for challenging sites
The first of three funding calls for offshore wind (December 2012 to March 2013) addresses the high costs of access and operations and maintenance offshore, using alternative methods such as remote working, and higher levels of turbine reliability.

Prototyping for Offshore Wind Energy Renewables Scotland (POWERS) offers funding to support the capital costs associated with the full scale production (and not individual component parts) of next generation wind turbine prototypes in Scotland.
responsive 2012 to 2013  
HI-Energy Projects Scottish Highlands and Islands Enterprise Highlands and Islands Enterprise supports HI-Energy Renewable Energy in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.

Among the key R&D projects supported are:
  • the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in Orkney, where wave and tidal energy converters are verified and tested.
  • the PURE hydrogen project in Unst, Shetland; and
  • the Talisman Beatrice Wind Farm Demonstrator project which consists of two 5MW machines, the world s first deep water offshore wind turbines installed in waters over 40m deep;
  • the Glendoe 100MW Hydro Scheme
responsive 2010 onwards  
COWRIE - Data Management & Stewardship for UK Marine Renewables The Crown Estate COWRIE provides authoritative information about offshore windfarm development in the UK, and is the source for environmental data and information generated under The Crown Estate’s second Licensing Round for offshore renewables, and submitted by developers under the terms of their licence agreements.

COWRIE has also identified and funded research projects to fill gaps in knowledge about environmental issues such as the effect on birds, the effects of underwater noise, and the electromagnetic effects of cables. Data and reports generated within COWRIE-funded research projects are also available in the catalogue.

The COWRIE data catalogue is free to use, although some services require registration.
(6 projects)

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Table 4.2: Key Research Providers

 Name  Description  Sub-topics covered  No of Staff  Sector
BAE Systems BAE Systems Advanced Technology Centre (ATC) brings military aerospace stealth technology to wind turbines, including the £1.2M DTI-funded project Stealth Technology for Wind Turbines (2005-2007) led by BAE SYSTEMS ATC, together with University of Sheffield, University of Manchester, and Vestas.
  • assessment of radar interaction with wind turbines and technical solutions to minimize the effects
  • application of stealth technology to wind turbine blade design
<10 R&D Science and Engineering
Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas) Cefas is a diverse applied marine science centre. Two of the six key themes are:
- observing and modelling the marine environment
- assessing human impacts on the marine environment
  • observing and modelling the marine environment
  • assessing human impacts on the marine environment
1 R&D science and engineering
Centre for Sustainable Energy (CSE) One of CSE’s six work areas, Delivering Renewable Energy, works with regional government and local authorities, helping to ensure local planning policy encourages deployment of renewable energy technology.
  • Information and training course
  • community benefit and ownership studies
  • feasibility studies for renewable energy applications
<5 Social Science Research
Condor Wind Energy Condor Wind Energy is a leader in two-bladed wind turbine technology
  • Offshore wind turbine design and manufacture
  R&D science and engineering
Converteam GE Energy Power Conversion GE Energy Power Conversion is well established in power conversion technology for the wind energy business, and through Converteam provides a range of Permanent Magnet Generator (PMG) and Power Converter products to the wind energy market.
Converteam led a DTI project to design a high power (8MW) direct-drive superconducting generator, in partnership with Zenergy Power, a developer and supplier of high temperature superconductor (HTS) technology.
GE Energy Power Conversion together MTS and NAREC with is designing, developing and commissioning an indoor wind test rig for the Energy Technologies Institute.
Converteam supplies complete electrical systems solutions:
  • converters (both Doubly Fed and Fully Fed, both Low Voltage and Medium Voltage)
  • generators (low, medium and standard speed)
  • power quality solutions at wind farm level
  • grid connection solutions for offshore wind farms
  • online monitoring and predictive maintenance
  • SCADA systems both at turbine and at farm levels
10-20 R&D Science and Engineering
e-on UK E-on is a leading power and gas company - generating electricity, and retailing power and gas
  • Own and operate 3 offshore wind farms
  • Involved in proposed offshore projects (Rampion, Humber Gateway, London Array)
  • Wind-farm feasibility study (ETI s Helm Wind)
  Electricity and Gas
Fugro Renewable Services Fugro Renewable Services provides a complete range of geoconsultancy services, along with design, engineering and marine construction support. Offshore wind turbine foundation studies
  • Geotechnical investigations including insitu testing and engineering
  • Meteorological mast installation, including turnkey design and construction
  • Wind turbine foundation installation (particularly monopiles)
  • Wind turbine erection
  • Cable landfall installation
  • Wind turbine operational support
50+ R&D Science and Engineering
GL Garrad Hassan GL Garrad Hassan is the world’s largest renewable energy consultancy, employing over 240 full time staff working in the wind energy and marine renewables industries around the world, and recognised as the leading independent authority. GL Garrad Hassan provides technical advice and analysis for wind farm development, and works with manufacturers, investors, project developers, and operators.
  • Resource assessment and wind power prediction
  • Micro-siting of wind turbines, and wind farm design
  • Software products for the design and performance analysis of wind turbines and wind farms
  • Design of wind turbines and wind turbine components
  • Financial modelling
  • Strategic studies
  • Technical advisor to owners and lenders
  • Asset management and operational services
  • Independently developed generic SCADA system
  • Control algorithm design and prototype implementation
100+ Consulting Engineers
QinetiQ Ltd QinetiQ is a leading international defence and security company, with capabilities in wind farm impact assessment. QinetiQ provides a range of services and technical solutions from the early planning stages of wind farm development through to technology innovation and services for reliable turbine operations.
  • Lubricants
  • Energy and Environment Consulting
  • Wind Turbine Technology
  • Condition Monitoring for Wind Turbines
  • Wind Farm Radar Impact Assessment
  • Stealth Wind Turbines
Ricardo-AEA Formerly AEA Technology, the Ricardo-AEA Energy and Climate Change Consultancy offers consultancy worldwide on how to reduce emissions, improve the security of energy supplies and adapt to climate change in an economic way.
  • Feasibility studies and technology assessment
<10 Consulting Engineers
Senergy Econnect Senergy Econnect provides expert advice on all aspects of the grid connection and regulation of renewable energy, delivering innovative solutions from initial concept, to design, construction and commissioning.
Senergy’s Technical Services service offers a cost effective, comprehensive and rapid approach for assessing the connection of renewable energy sources, including wind farms, to the electricity grid.
  • Conceptual design and feasibility studies for onshore and offshore wind farms
  • development of tools for the grid integration of distributed generation, demand side management and active network management
  • development of an online software tool producing electrical grid connection reports
10-20 Consulting Engineers
Talisman Energy (UK) Ltd The Beatrice Wind Farm Demonstrator Project is an ambitious renewable energy development. In July 2007, two 85-metre high, 5MW wind turbines were installed adjacent to the Beatrice oil field, in water depths up to 45m, and 25 kilometres off the east coast of Scotland. (see DOWNVIND project in Section 8.1)
  • Deep water offshore wind turbine construction
  • Assessment of viability and sustainability
  • Review economic and environmental impacts
  R&D Science and Engineering
Tata Steel Tata Steel has strong relationships with the supply chains for both the onshore and offshore energy industries, and is constantly developing new materials solutions and innovative products.
  • Research into steel products and life time extension
  • Tubular steel and plates for onshore and offshore wind turbine towers and foundations
  • Electrical steels for generators
  • Components for transmissions and bearings
10-20 R&D Science and Engineering
The Engineering Business Ltd Established in 1997, the Engineering Business (EB) designs, builds and supplies engineering solutions for the offshore oil and gas, submarine telecom, defence and offshore renewables industries. EB s core products include subsea trenching systems, pipe and cable laying equipment, and specialist offshore handling systems.
  • Development of offshore wind turbine installation systems and vessels
10-20 Consulting Engineers
Windpower Ltd Windpower Ltd develops large-scale vertical axis offshore wind turbine technology. In January 2009 a £3m feasibility study NOVA, based on the Aerogenerator’s innovative rotor was commissioned by the Energy Technologies Institute.
  • vertical axis offshore wind turbine technology
  • project services for onshore wind developments
  Consulting Engineers

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Section :

Table 5.1: Demonstration Funding Programmes Table 5.2: Major Demonstration Projects

There are limited new demonstration projects in the UK. Public funding is mainly aimed at research or exploitation.

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Table 5.1: Demonstration Funding Programmes

 Programme  Funding Agency  Description  Committed Funds  Period  Representative Annual Spend
ETF 3rd Offshore Wind Demonstration Call (DECC) Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC) The Environmental Transformation Fund (ETF) allocated funds of up to £400 million for the period 2008/09 to 2010/11, providing funding for the development of low-carbon energy and energy efficiency technologies in the UK via Defra, BERR, Carbon Trust, EST and others. The range of these programmes is wide and includes the Offshore Wind Capital Grants Programme.

The first two ETF calls in the offshore wind sector were launched in 2009 and about £18m of grants were awarded to:
Siemens to develop a new power convertor for their next generation offshore turbine;
Vestas to design and develop advanced manufacturing processes, testing and certification for a large multi-megawatt offshore blade
Clipper to develop their 72m offshore blade for a 10MW offshore turbine and to develop a new gearbox design for use in 10MW offshore turbines
Artemis to develop a new hydraulic transmission system for larger offshore turbines.
Mitsubishi to develop design and supply chain capability for a new design of offshore turbine.
Burntisland Fabrications to develop advanced manufacturing for a jacket foundation and;
Teeside Alliance Group to develop advanced manufacturing processes for monopile foundations.

In the UK Renewables Roadmap, published in July 2011, DECC announced funding of up to £30m for offshore wind innovation. DECC expects to fund two schemes from this budget: the Offshore Wind Accelerator and the Offshore Wind Component Technologies Development and Demonstration Scheme (OSW Components Scheme) with up to £15m allocated. The first and second calls for the Scheme were launched in November 2011 and May 2012 respectively. The 3rd Offshore Wind Demonstration Call for component/technology development in the offshore wind sector was launched in November 2012, with an indicative Capital budget of up to £7m. The third call is funded and managed by DECC, and the Technology Strategy Board are participating in the appraisal process.
Technology development and demonstration



2009 onwards

2010 onwards

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Table 5.2: Major Demonstration Projects

 Name  Description  Sub-topics covered  Total Project Cost  Public Sector Funder  Public Sector Funding  Period
The Beatrice Wind Farm Demonstrator Project In this ambitious renewable energy development, two 85-metre high, 5MW wind turbines were installed adjacent to the Beatrice oil field, in water depths up to 45m, and 25-kilometres off the east coast of Scotland. (see DOWNVIND project in Section 8.1).
  • Deep water offshore wind turbine construction
€41M EU,
Scottish Executive
July 2007
Gunfleet Sands 3 Demonstration Project Dong energy is testing two next generation 6 MW Siemens offshore wind turbines at the Gunfleet Sands site in South East England. The new turbines are being installed in January 2013 and the project is expected to be fully operational during Spring 2013.
An Environmental Statement for Gunfleet Sands 3 Demonstation Project is available.
  • Testing high capacity wind turbines for Round 3 Projects
  • Verification of performance, reliability and functionality
      2010 to 2013
Blyth Offshore Wind Demonstrator Project The 100MW demonstrator project was funded in 2010 by the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) and operated by Narec. The site will accommodate up to 3 arrays (each with 5 turbine pods) at water depths of 35m, 45m and 55-60m, enabling demonstrators to test new turbine
prototypes and subsea foundation technologies to be utilised in Round 3 sites.
  • Testing turbine prototypes for Round 3 application
  • Subsea foundations in depth up to 60m
  • Offshore anemometry
  BIS £18.5M  

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Section :

Table 6.1: Research Facilities and Assets

There are a number of laboratories and test facilities with Universities and Research Providers (described in Table 3.2). Generally these are at small scale and are for the use of their own researchers and their collaborators, but in some cases facilities can be provided for external commercial use.

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Table 6.1: Research Facilities and Assets

 Name  Description  Type of asset  Number of Supporting Staff  Annual Operating Budget
Narec Test facilities Narec (National Renewable Energy Centre) has invested over £150 million of UK Government, private sector & European Union funding to create integrated testing & research facilities at Blyth. Narec is an independent centre for the development, testing and commercialisation of next generation technologies for the global wind energy industry.
  • Blade Test Facility (up to 70m, with a 100m facility under construction)
  • Electrical network low voltage test laboratory including G83 testing (EnergyLINK laboratory)
  • High voltage up to 1200kV test laboratory for performance testing under extreme conditions (Clothier laboratory)
  • Drive train test facilities rated at 3MW and 15MW (funded by ETI)
  • 100MW Offshore Wind Demonstrator Platform
  • Laboratory
  • Major item of equipment
  • Offshore Test facility
Hunterston Offshore Wind turbine Test facility SSE (Scottish and Southern Energy plc) is developing an offshore wind turbine testing facility at Hunterston.
The first phase of construction began in 2012 / 2013, and when complete
it will be used to develop and test up to three wind turbine prototypes for the next generation of offshore wind turbines
  • Test Facility
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre (EOWDC) The European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre is being developed at Aberdeen by Vattenfall , Technip and Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group (AREG). The test centre provides for eleven offshore wind turbines and foundations, subsea cables between the wind turbines, an export cable for connection to the
electricity transmission network, scour protection around foundations
  • Offshore Test Facility
Orbis Energy The ORBIS centre in great Yarmouth provides incubation space, including conference and exhibition space, for a combination of Small to Medium Sized Enterprises (SME’s) and larger established companies. The centre is one of a number of regional initiatives aimed at stimulating and capturing regional economic benefit from the Offshore renewables sector.
  • Centre
  • Office space for companies in the offshore renewable supply chain
Energy Technology Centre - Scottish Enterprise Technology Park The Energy Technology Centre provides experimental facilities for developing and testing a range of small scale renewable energy systems, including small and micro wind turbines, buildings for experimental assessment of building-mounted wind turbine performance, and test rigs with variable speed drives for bench testing generators, controllers and inverters
  • Laboratory/centre
  • Test facility

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Section :

Table 7.1: Networks

The manufacture of wind turbines and the development of wind farms are well established commercially, and there are strong trade associations. One network existed solely to identify research needs and to promote coordinated activities between academic research and industry, but is now dormant due to lack of funding.

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Table 7.1: Networks

 Network  Date Established  Description  Membership Profile  Activities
RenewableUK 1978 RenewableUK (since March 2010, the new name for the British Wind Energy Association - BWEA) is the trade and professional body for the UK wind and marine renewable industries. As at March 2013, it has 606 corporate members, and offices in London, Cardiff and Belfast, and is one of the largest renewable energy bodies in the UK.
Its activities cover all aspects of wind energy, and its mission has expanded to include wave and tidal energy.
623 corporate members including large international companies.
Membership interests cover a wide range of disciplines from research, consultancy, and manufacturing, to financing, insurance, development, operation, and associated services.
  • Promotes the use of wind power in the UK, both onshore and offshore
  • Promotes the understanding of wind energy and represents the industry to Government, regional bodies, and local authorities throughout the UK, and to the business community, the media, and the public
  • Involvement in all issues affecting the industry including financing, planning and electrical infrastructure
  • Researches and finds solutions to current issues, and provides a central focus for information
  • Co-ordinates the compilation of statistics and intelligence on every aspect of wind energy in the UK
Renewable Energy Association 2001 The Renewable Energy Association (REA) (since 2005, the new name for the Renewable Power Association) represents the full range of renewable technologies and applications, including wind, and promotes the use of sustainable energy in the UK. REA’s corporate membership consists of over 950 companies ranging from sole traders to major multinationals. A wide variety of organisations is represented including generators, project developers, fuel and power suppliers, equipment producers and service providers.
The Solar Trade Association is affiliated to the REA
  • The main objective is to secure the best legislative and regulatory framework for expanding renewable energy in the UK.
  • The REA undertakes policy development and provides input to government departments, agencies, regulators, NGOs and others.
  • The REA also provides information, knowledge transfer and networking via conferences, seminars, workshops, training, publications and newsletters. Information is provided on technical, legal, commercial and environmental matters.
The Offshore Wind Energy Network (OWEN) 1999 The Offshore Wind Energy Network (OWEN) was a joint industry / academia collaboration, promoting research on all issues associated with development of the UK’s offshore wind resource, and encouraging co-operation and partnership between commercial organisations and researchers.
OWEN was funded by EPSRC until 2005, and co-ordinated by the Energy Research Unit at STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. It was greatly aided by the active encouragement and participation of the BWEA (now RenewableUK).
OWEN had over 200 members from universities and research institutes, and wind energy, coastal construction, and offshore industries. Note : OWEN effectively ended in 2005, however the website is maintained as an historical archive.
  • Co-ordinated network members to identify research required to enable and promote the development of the UK’s offshore wind resource
  • Provided a forum for knowledge transfer, dissemination, and discussion, by organising workshops on key technical issues
  • Provided a central focus for information, including research funding bodies, offshore wind research projects, technical papers, and data sources.

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Section :

Table 8.1: EU Framework Programmes

The table below lists EU Framework projects with UK participation. The projects are presented in order of FP7-Energy, FP5-SustDev, and FP5-EESD, with the most recent first. Project details are available by searching in CORDIS projects or CORDIS Search (beta)

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Table 8.1: EU Framework Programmes

 Project  Objectives  Action Line  Type of Action  UK Participants  Co-ordinator and Partners  Total Funding  EU Funding  Duration  Annual Spend
SUPerconducting, Reliable, lightweight, And more POWERful offshore wind turbine
SUPRAPOWER has the objectives to:
reduce turbine nacelle mass, size and cost of offshore wind turbines by means of a compact superconducting generator.
- reduce O&M and transportation costs and increase life cycle using an innovative direct drive system.
- increase the reliability and efficiency of high power wind turbines by means of drive-train specific integration in the nacelle.
FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project University of Southampton Tecnalia 9 Partners €5.40M €3.89M 2012-12-01 to 2016-11-30  
Innovative Wind Conversion Systems (10-20MW) for Offshore Applications
Innovative design of a 10-20MW offshore wind turbine and hardware demonstrators of some of the critical components:
- light weight rotor
- low weight, direct drive generator
- standard mass-produced integrated tower
FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project University of Bristol,
University of Strathclyde,
University of Sheffield
Technical University of Denmark - DTU 27 partners €19.53M €14M 2012-11-01 to 2017-10-31  
Active Wind Farms: Optimization and Control of Atmospheric Energy Extraction in Gigawatt Wind Farms
The major ambition of the present research proposal is to employ optimal control techniques to control the interaction between large wind farms and the Atmospheric Boundary Layer, and optimize overall farm-power extraction FP7-IDEAS-ERC ERC Starting Grant   Prof. Johan Meyers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KU Leuven) €1.50M €1.50M 2012-10-01 to 2017-09-30  
EDWTGT - Evaluation and Development of Wind Turbine Generator Technologies This project is a collaborative scheme of research exchanges and networking. It will bring together leading scientists and engineers in the UK, Italy and China. FP7-PEOPLE International research staff exchange scheme (IRSES) University of Sheffield University of Newcastle €0.39M €0.39M 2012-09-01 to 2016-08-31  
EERA Design Tools for Offshore Wind Farm Cluster
The European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) together with industry partners propose an integrated and validated design tool combining state-of-the-art wake, yield and electrical models. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project University of Strathclyde, The Carbon Trust, Renewable Energy Systems Ltd, Technical University of Denmark - DTU 22 partners €4M €2.90M    
A Toolbox for Offshore Wind Farm Cluster Design
The objective of the project is to develop a toolbox for an integrated offshore wind farm cluster, including advanced wake models, turbine load models, grid interconnection models and by incorporating the cluster as a virtual offshore power plant. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project Imperial College 3E N.V. €5.21M €3.58M 2011-12-01 to 2016-05-31  
TOP WIND - European Wind Energy Technology Platform TOP WIND follows on from the WINDSEC project. The main aim is to increase the effectiveness of the European Wind Energy Technology Platform (TPWind), over the 2010 to 2013 period, developing relationships, and reducing fragmentation of EU R&D activities. FP7-ENERGY Support Actions GL Garrad Hassan European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) 3 partners €1.03M €0.90M 2011-02-01 to 2014-01-31  
Optimum Power Extraction of Wind Energy by Small to Medium Scale Wind Turbines
This project deals with distributed energy production by small to medium wind turbines in the 10kW-100kW range. The focus of the project is to optimise the MPPT controller for small to medium wind turbines. FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES Research for SMEs Windcrop Ltd, Gendrive Ltd UK Intelligent Systems Research Institute 8 partners €1.49M €1.16M 2012-11-01 to 2014-10-31  
High Power, high Reliability offshore wind technology EU description: HIPRWIND
The project addresses critical issues of offshore WT technology such as extreme reliability, remote maintenance and grid integration with particular emphasis on floating wind turbines, where weight and size limitations of onshore designs can be overcome. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project National Renewable Energy Centre (NAREC),
FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT 19 partners €19.83M €11.02M 2010-11-01 to 2015-10-31  
Future Deep Sea Wind Turbine Technologies
The objectives are: - to explore the technologies for development of a floating offshore turbine with a vertical axis rotor
- to develop design tools for evaluation of very large wind turbines
- evaluation of the overall concept with floating offshore horizontal axis wind turbines.
FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project   Technical University of Denmark - DTU €4.18M €3M 2010-10-01 to 2014-09-30  
Off-shore Renewable Energy Conversion platforms
EU description: ORECCA
The project objectives are to create a framework for knowledge sharing and to develop a research roadmap for activities in the context of offshore renewable energy (RE). The project will stimulate research activities, leading towards innovative, cost efficient and environmentally benign offshore RE conversion platforms. FP7-ENERGY Coordination Action Offshore Wave Energy Ltd, The University of Edinburgh, North Highland College, IT Power Ltd Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft + 27 Partners €1.80M €1.60M 2010-03-01 to 2011-08-31  
Increasing efficiency of wind power plants for the production of energy EU description: WINGY-PRO
A determining factor for increasing the profitability of offshore wind is the installation of wind turbines with high power capacity and low weight.
The project aim is to demonstrate a large transversal flux generator in an existing wind turbine.
FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project (generic) Converteam Technology Ltd Universitaet Bremen, Bremer Centre for Mechatronics + 5 Partners €4.32M €2.48M 2009-11-01 to 2013-10-01  
Full scale demonstration prototype tidal stream generator
The project aims to demonstrate an innovative tidal energy converter at full scale in UK waters where there is an abundant resource and clear incentives for early commercial development; the selected site has potential for further commercial development. The main project objective is to test a certified, high performance, tidal flow technology ready for commercial deployment. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project (generic) It Power Ltd, Bosch Rexroth Ltd, Gurit (UK) Ltd, Pulse Tidal Ltd IT Power Ltd + 7 Partners €13.9M €8.0M 2009-11-01 to 2013-10-31  
Transmission system operation with large penetration of wind and other renewable electricity sources in networks by means of innovative tools and integrated energy solutions.
EU description: TWENTIES
The Project consortium aims to remove several barriers which prevent wind electricity from contributing more to the electric system. The full scale demonstrations aim to prove the benefits of novel technologies coupled with innovative system management approaches. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project (generic) University of Strathclyde, Areva T&D UK Ltd Red Electrica De Espana S.A.U. + 27 Partners
(including 6 Transmission System Operators, 2 generator companies, 5 manufacturers, and research organisations)
€56.8M €31.8M 2010-04-01 to 2013-03-31  
Innovative design for wind energy capture in urban environments
The project aims to develop a retro-fittable roof-mounted module that will accentuate the low pressure zone over a flat roof parapet and link it to high-pressure static air beneath using a tapered duct. FP7-SME Research for SMEs The UK Materials Technology Research Institute Ltd, Eclectic Energy Ltd Torclad Ltd + 7 partners €1.39M €1.05M    
Multi-scale data assimilation, advanced wind modelling and forecasting with emphasis to extreme weather situations for a secure large-scale wind power integration
EU description: SAFEWIND
The integration of wind generation into power systems depends on the forecasting of expected power output. The project aims to reduce large prediction errors and to predict extremes (gusts, shears) at local scale and at European scale, in order to avoid unexpected loads on turbines. FP7-ENERGY Small or medium-scale focused research project University of Oxford, ECMWF (European Centre For Medium-Range Weather Forecasts), SONI (System Operator For Northern Ireland) ARMINES (Association Pour La Recherche Et Developpements Des Methodes Et Processus Industriels) + 19 Partners €5.62M €3.99M 2008-05-01 to 2012-04-30  
Northern seas wind index database
EU description:
NORSEWIND is a programme designed to provide a wind resource map covering the Baltic, Irish and North Sea areas. The project will acquire data using traditional Meteorological masts, ground based remote sensing instruments (LiDAR & SoDAR) and Satellite acquired SAR winds. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project (generic) Oldbaum Services Ltd,
GL Garrad Hassan,
Scottish Enterprise, Nautilus Associates Ltd, BP Alternative Energy International Ltd,
University of Strathclyde
Oldbaum Services Ltd + 15 Partners €6.74M €3.94M 2008-08-01 to 2012-07-31  
Marine renewable integrated application platform
EU description:
The MARINA project is dedicated to bringing offshore renewable energy applications closer to the market by creating new infrastructures for both offshore wind and ocean energy converters. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project (generic) University of Edinburgh Acciona Energia S.A. + 16 Partners €12.76M €8.71M 2010-01-01 to 2014-06-30  
Development and demonstration of a novel integrated condition monitoring system for wind turbines
EU description:
NIMO seeks to practically eliminate catastrophic failures and minimise the need for corrective maintenance by developing and successfully delivering and implementing an integrated condition monitoring system for the continuous evaluation of wind turbines. FP7-ENERGY Collaborative project (generic) TWI Ltd, University of Birmingham, Technical Software Consultants Ltd TWI Ltd + 14 Partners €5.89M €3.40M 2009-10-01 to 2012-09-30  
Self installing wind turbine
The project plans to demonstrate installation of a complete wind turbine, substructure and suction pile foundation offshore in one piece. FP6-SUSTDEV Specific Targeted Research Project   SUCTION PILE TECHNOLOGY BV €7.98m €1.50m 2007-01-17 to 2009-01-16  
DOWNVIND - Distant Offshore Windfarms with No Visual Impact in Deepwater
Reports of Overall Beatrice Project :
Reports EU description:
The project objective is to make the step change advances in techniques, technologies, and processes needed to enable development of large capacity windfarms offshore in deepwater. FP6: SUSTDEV-1.1.1: S-M Cost-effective supply of renewable energies Integrated Project Talisman Energy,
Nautilus Associates,
SSE Generation,
University of Aberdeen,
University of Strathclyde
Talisman Energy UK Ltd 17 Partners €46.18m €6m September 2004 - September 2009
60 months
UPWIND - Integrated Wind Turbine Design
Project website: Final reports
EU description: UPWIND
UpWind looks towards wind power tomorrow; towards the design of turbines (8-10MW) standing in huge on- and offshore wind farms. FP6: SUSTDEV-1.2.6 New and advanced concepts in renewable energy technologies - Other RES Integrated Project University of Salford,
University of Edinburgh,
Qinetiq Ltd,
GL Garrad Hassan,
STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory,
Smart Fibres Ltd
Ris National Laboratory - DTU, Denmark
40 Partners
€22.62m €14.57m March 2006 February 2011 60 months  
ANEMOS -Development of a next generation wind resource forecasting system for the large-scale integration of onshore and offshore wind farms (ANEMOS) The ANEMOS project aims to develop advanced forecasting models. Emphasis is given to complex terrain, extreme weather conditions, as well as to offshore prediction for which no specific tools currently exist.
The prediction models are implemented in a software platform and installed for online operation of wind farms by the end-users participating in the project.
FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including Renewable Energies Cost sharing contracts STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory ARMINES
(Association Pour La Recherche Et Developpements Des Methodes Et Processus Industriels)
21 Partners
€4.28m €2.5m 2002-10-01 to 2006-09-30
48 months
ANEMOS.PLUS - Advanced tools for the management of electricity grids with large-scale wind generation
EU description: ANEMOS.PLUS
The FP5 project ANEMOS (ENK5-CT-2002-0665) has successfully developed research on new forecasting techniques for a wide range of end-user requirements. The aim of the ANEMOS.PLUS proposal is to fully integrate the forecasts and their uncertainty into the management and decision support tools. FP6: SUSTDEV-1 Sustainable energy systems,SUSTDEV-1.1.7 Grid issues Specific Targeted Research Project System Operator For Northern Ireland (SONI) ARMINES
(Association Pour La Recherche Et Developpements Des Methodes Et Processus Industriels)
22 Partners
€5.65m €2.6m January 2008 June 2011 42 months  
EWIS: European wind integration study
EU description: EWIS
A Consortium of Transmission System Operators, representing the four main synchronous electricity systems in Europe, aims to identify and investigate the impacts of introducing a large number of wind power plants into the electric power systems in Europe. FP6: SUSTDEV-1 Sustainable energy systems,SUSTDEV-1.1.7 Grid issues Specific Support Action National Grid Electricity Transmission Plc Elia System Operator Sa, Belgium 15 Partners
(Transmission System Operators, TSO, representing 13 European countries)
€4.04m €4.04m June 2007 October 2009

28 months
TOPFARM - Next generation design tool for optimisation of wind farm topology and operation
EU description: TOPFARM
Establishment of large wind farms requires enormous investments putting greater emphasis on optimal topology design and control. The design tool will consider load aspects, as well as optimisation of the power output. FP6: SUSTDEV-1.1.1 Cost-effective supply of renewable energies Specific Targeted Research Project Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants Ltd,
GL Garrad Hassan
Technical University of Denmark - DTU
9 Partners
€3.28m €1.7m December 2007 November 2010 36 months  
South-East Europe wind energy exploitation - research and demonstration of wind energy utilisation in complex terrain and under specific local wind systems
The project aim is investigation of performance at different locations in SE Europe, with mountainous and complex terrain, characterization of local wind systems, and more efficient and reliable operation of large scale wind turbines. FP6-SUSTDEV Specific Targeted Research Project   Energie-werkstatt Consulting GmbH €9.66m €3.70m 2007-05-20 to 2010-05-19  
DESIRE - Dissemination strategy on electricity balancing for large scale integration of renewable energy
EU description: DESIRE
DESIRE will disseminate practices which will integrate renewable electricity supplies such as wind power into electricity systems using combined heat and power. This will improve the economic competitiveness of both CHP and wind power, and allow the proportion of renewable electricity that can be absorbed by the system to increase. FP6: SUSTDEV-1.1.2 Large scale integration of RES into energy supplies Specific Support Action University of Birmingham Aalborg University
Denmark 10 Partners
€1.64m €1.2m June 2005 May 2007

24 months
POWWOW - Prediction of Waves, Wakes and Offshore Wind POWWOW Final Report The purpose of this Action is to co-ordinate the activities of European and national projects in the fields of short-term forecasting of wind power, offshore wind and wave resource prediction, and offshore wakes in large wind farms, and will start work on future roadmaps. FP6: SUSTDEV-1.2.6 New and advanced concepts in renewable energy technologies - Other RES Coordination action University of Edinburgh Ris National Laboratory - DTU , Denmark
15 Partners
€1.25m €1.05m October 2005 September 2008

36 months
WINDSEC - Wind energy technology platform secretariat
EU description: WINDSEC
WindSec, the Platform Secretariat, will optimise the activities of the European Wind Energy Technology Platform (TPWind), and develop its infrastructure. FP6: SUSTDEV-1.1.1 Cost-effective supply of renewable energies Specific Support Action GL Garrad Hassan European Wind Energy Association, Belgium 3 Partners €0.82m €0.69m March 2007 March 2010

36 months
REMAP - Action plan for high-priority renewable energy initiatives in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean area REMAP Final Report The objectives of the REMAP project are to:
- Compile a solar and wind energy resource atlas for the area.
- Identify and prioritise potential demonstration sites for wind and concentrated solar thermal projects.
- Proposing a credible financing scheme.
- Produce an action plan to progress a few projects.
- Disseminate the results.
FP6: POLICIES-3.2 The development of tools, indicators and operational parameters for assessing sustainable transport and energy systems performance Specific Support Action Energy For Sustainable Development Ltd Observatoire M diterran en De l Energie, France
11 Partners
€0.51m €0.39m January 2007 December 2008

24 months
OFFSHOREM&R - Advanced maintenance and repair for offshore wind farms using fault prediction and condition monitoring techniques Main objective of the project is to lay the foundations for condition depending maintenance and repair (M&R) strategies for wind energy converters (WEC) in offshore wind farms. FP5-EESD No contract type   ISET University of Kassel €2.29m €1.15m 2005-12-05 to 2014-12-04  
WISE - Wind energy SODAR evaluation The general aim of the proposed project is the application of the SODAR technique (Sound Detection and Ranging) for reliable wind speed measurements. FP5-EESD No contract type University of Salford Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands €1.07m €0.56m 2002-01-01 to 2004-07-01 30 months  
SAFESHIP - Reduction of ship collision risks for offshore wind farms The objective is to reduce the risks of ship collisions with offshore wind farms and thereby to reduce associated costs, and to accelerate acceptance of construction permits by licensing authorities. FP5-EESD No contract type   E-Connection Project B.V. €1.06m €0.60m 2003-01-20 to 2005-01-31  
CLOWEBS-2000 - Klasorden 42 MW; A Demonstration of Cost-Optimised Large Scale, Offshore Wind Energy In The Baltic Area The aim of the project is to demonstrate the economic advantages and technical viability of a large-scale offshore wind farm using the largest wind turbines available, and built using installation techniques and contracting methods developed by the offshore oil and gas industries. FP5: Cost effective wind turbine components No contract type NEG Micon UK Ltd,
Amec Civil Engineering Ltd.
Vindkompaniet I Hemse AB 5 Partners €32.35m €5.0m 2000-01-01 to 2002-12-31
36 months
ESTONIA 20 MW WIND - 8 X 2.5 Mw Wind Turbines With Crane-free Erection to be Implemented in Estonia The project aims to carry out all the research, development and engineering necessary for the implementation of 8 pcs. 2.5 MW wind turbines, erected and commissioned without the need of cranes. FP5: Wind energy optimisation No contract type GL Garrad Hassan Nordex GMBH
6 Partners
€23m €2.32m 2001-10-01 to 2004-09-30 36 months  
ROWED - Reliability Assured Low Cost offshore Wind Energy Demo Project The objective of this project is to gain experience with a 10MW offshore wind farm 2km off the Dutch coast, to demonstrate availability comparable with onshore installations and to verify the low cost tower design. FP5: Cost effective wind turbine components No contract type GL Garrad Hassan KEMA 5 Partners €14.6m €2.5m 2005-05-26 to 2015-05-25 120 months  
LOWCOST 2BLADE 2MW - Development of a low-cost 2Mw two-bladed wind turbine The project aims to decreasing the cost of wind power using a two-bladed design, by realising a compact sub-critical teetering hub and yawing system. FP5-EESD No contract type   Nordic Windpower AB €4m €2m 2002-01-04 to 2012-07-03
HYBRILA - Hybrid Renewable Energy Project Supplying Electricity to an Irish Local Authority Build a 8.52 MW hybrid renewable energy system. Demonstrate new variable speed 850 kW wind turbines with increased efficiency, lower impact on the electricity network and lower costs; a 1 MW hydro Power plant; a 250 kW hydro power plant, and a 470 kW landfill gas power plant. FP5: Optimising power quality, by means of energy storage, for stand-alone renewable and hybrid systems and for transport No contract type Gilbert Gilkes and Gordon Ltd, Vestas - Celtic Wind Technology Ltd Automated Systems and Controls Limited, Ireland
5 Partners
€9.99m €2.05m 2002-01-01 to 2006-06-30 54 months  
ADCON-DEMOWIND - Demonstration of Six Advanced Control Technology 1.3MW Scale Wind Turbines Operating at three Sites with Distinctly Different Environmental Conditions The specific aims of the project are to:
- Develop a family of 1.3MW wind turbines derived from a pre-commercial 1.3MW prototype, to cover the complete range of viable wind conditions in the EU.
- Develop rotors for the complete range of wind conditions.
FP5: Cost effective wind turbine components No contract type GL Garrad Hassan Corporación Energía Hidroeléctrica De Navarra, S.A., Spain
5 Partners
€6.31m €2.2m 2001-12-01 to 2004-05-31 30 months
RECOFF - Recommendations for design of offshore wind turbines (RECOFF) The project aims at the provision of recommendations for a standard for design of offshore wind turbines. FP5-EESD Cost-sharing contracts   Ris National Laboratory - DTU €1.60m €0.80m 2001-01-01 to 2004-08-31
OS2500/78 - Demonstration of a large scale, Second Generation, off Shore Wind Turbine, complying with new grid requirement The key objective of this project is to demonstrate an innovative wind turbine which is designed specifically for off shore and other applications where penetration levels are likely to be very high. FP5: Wind energy optimisation No contract type Neg Micon UK Ltd NEG Micon UK Ltd
4 Partners
€4.89m €1.5m 2000-01-01 to 2002-12-31 36 months
OPTIMAT BLADES - Reliable optimal use of materials for wind turbine rotor blades The project aims to provide acurate recommendations for the optimised use of materials within wind turbine rotor blades, to achieve improved reliability, and to predict residual strength and life. FP5: Economic and Efficient Energy for a Competitive Europe Cost sharing contracts STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory 17 Partners €4.39m €2.4m 2002-01-01 to 2006-04-30 52 months
WINDPLUS - High Wind Energy Penetration in Hybrid Wind-Diesel Systems, and Innovative Approach Using Back-To-Back Power Electronic The WINDPLUS project will contribute to the Implementation of up-to-date power electronics in wind-diesel energy systems FP5: Hybrid Systems No contract type Scottish Power Technology Vergnet Wind Turbines
6 Partners
€4.39m €0.7m 2000-01-01 to 2002-10-31 34 months
OPTIWIND - Optimised 2 MW Wind Turbines In High Wind Speed Area With Smooth Grid Integration Demonstrate the durability, reliability of large scale (2MW) variable speed wind turbines with improved performance in a high wind speed area.
The innovation relates to optimised reactive power control, rapid reaction to wind turbulence and management of active oscillations and harmonics.
FP5: Wind energy optimisation No contract type Vestas Celtic Wind Technology Limited Midas Energy Limited, Ireland
3 Partners
€4.0m €1.4m 2003-02-01 to 2006-03-31
38 months
MEGAWIND - Development of a MW scale wind turbine for high wind complex terrain sites MEGAWIND Results The project addresses the installation of large capacity turbines in mountainous complex terrain. The challenges are to:
- transport and erect MW-size machines in areas of limited infrastructure
- reduce costs by means of design optimisation and tailoring.
FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including Renewable Energies, Wind energy optimisation Cost sharing contracts University of Newcastle Upon Tyne Centre For Renewable Energy Sources, Greece
10 Partners
€3.54m €2.0m 2001-01-01 to 2005-06-30 54 months
CONMOW - Condition monitoring for off-shore wind farms The objectives are to :
- Develop new algorithms for data processing.
- Improve condition monitoring techniques and demonstrate the benefits.
- Implement procedures and techniques to change from preventive and corrective maintenance to condition based maintenance.
FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including Renewable Energies Cost sharing contracts Loughborough University,
Pall Europe Ltd.
GL Garrad Hassan
8 Partners
€1.97m €1.07m 2002-11-01 to 2007-04-30 54 months
EZXS WTB - Wind Turbine (350 KW) For Sites with Difficult Access The project proposed to develop a novel wind turbine of about 350 kW rated power, for sites that are difficult to access with cranes and heavy equipment. The project aims at a full-scale demonstration of the wind turbine at two different sites, one in Ireland and one in Austria. FP5: Wind energy optimisation No contract type GL Garrad Hassan,
Future Wind Partnership Ltd
Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands
5 Partners
€1.69m €0.69m 2000-01-01 to 2002-12-31
36 months
HONEYMOON - A high resolution numerical wind energy model for on and offshore forecasting using ensemble predictions The project will address how dynamic implementation of code modules rather than static implementation can cut development and test-times down. The new forecast model is based on the structure of the DMI-High Resolution Limited Area Model HIRLAM. FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including Renewable Energies Cost sharing contracts E.On UK Plc,
Powergen Renewables Development Limited
University College Cork, National University of Ireland, Cork
10 Partners
€1.25m €0.89m 2003-01-01 to 2004-12-31
24 months
ENDOW - Efficient development of offshore windfarms The major objectives are to evaluate wake models in offshore environments and to develop and enhance existing wake and boundary-layer models, accounting for complex stability variations. This will produce a design tool to assist planners and developers in optimising offshore wind farms. FP5: Economic and Efficient Energy for a Competitive Europe, Cost effective wind turbine components Cost sharing contracts GL Garrad Hassan, Robert Gordon University Ris National Laboratory - DTU
9 Partners
€1.20m €0.7m 2000-03-01 to 2003-02-28 36 months
FIRMWIND - Towards high penetration and firm power from wind energy The project proposes energy management of the distribution system including generation plant, consumer loads, storage devices and the import/export link. The analysis will combine methods used by utilities with design techniques used for autonomous ‘wind-diesel’ systems. FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including Renewable Energies, Integration of new and renewable energy sources into energy systems Cost sharing contracts Proven Engineering Products Limited,
Econnect Ltd.
Renewable Energy Systems Ltd.
6 Partners
€0.88m €0.46m 2000-05-01 to 2003-04-30
36 months
CLEVERFARM : Advanced management and surveillance of wind farms The project aims to use advanced techniques for optimising and enhancing the performance of wind farms, integrate them into one system and implement the system at a number of wind farms. FP5: Economic and Efficient Energy for a Competitive Europe Cost sharing contracts Renewable Energy Systems Ltd Ris National Laboratory
8 Partners
€0.83m €0.5m 2000-04-01 to 2003-09-30
42 months
COD : Concerted Action for Offshore Wind-Energy Deployment
Project website: Final reports
The project aims to provide a harmonised European Offshore Wind Energy process for deployment, environmental impact analysis and for permission procedures for Offshore Wind Energy farms. FP5: Wind energy optimisation No contract type Department of Trade and Industry Nederlandse Onderneming Voor Energie En Milieu
7 Partners
€0.74m €0.68m 2003-01-01 to 2005-12-31
36 months
Wind Energy thematic Network This proposal is to establish a Wind Energy Thematic Network, with the aim of ensuring that EU funded Wind Energy R&D meets the needs of the European wind industry, to maintain and increase its competitiveness in EU and external markets, and to meet European Commission and national targets for renewable energy use. FP5: Economic and Efficient Energy for a Competitive Europe, Cost effective wind turbine components Thematic network contracts Renewable Energy Systems Ltd European Wind Energy Association
9 Partners
€0.65m €0.4m 2001-12-01 to 2005-05-31
42 months
OWEE: Concerted Action on Offshore Wind Energy in Europe
Project website: Final reports
The specific objectives are to:
- exchange information within the EU member states,
- provide an inventory of the state-of-the-art on key issues,
- provide recommendations for programmes and implementation of large offshore wind farms.
FP5: Wind energy optimisation No contract type GL Garrad Hassan,
Kvaerner Oil and Gas Ltd.
Technische Universiteit Delft
17 Partners
€0.47m €0.47m 2000-05-01 to 2001-012-31
20 months
SWIIS: Small Wind Industry Implementation Strategy The project aims to improve information and market support for small wind turbines, with capacities less than 100 kW. FP5: Integrating renewable energy sources into the grid and stand alone systems No contract type Gazelle Wind Turbines Ltd,
Amset Centre Ltd
Societe d’Etudes et de Developpement
9 Partners
€0.39m €0.31m 2003-04-01 to 2005-03-31 24 months
Innovative generator for small-scale wind mills The objective of this project is to develop an innovative PMG generator for gear-less wind turbines. FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including renewables Energies Exploratory awards Haro Trade and Consulting Ltd Perm Motor Gmbh
2 Partners
€0.03m €0.023m 2001-10-22 to 2002-04-21
6 months
Wind generator system for integration into the built environment The system is conceived so that it can be integrated into the built environment. FP5: Cleaner Energy Systems, including Renewable Energies Exploratory awards Pimberton Dear Chartered Designers Micro Automation Technology S.A., Belgium
2 Partners
€0.03m €0.023m 2000-05-15 to 2001-05-14 12 months

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Section :

Table 9.1: International Activities

The IEA has an Implementing Agreement Implementing Agreement for Co-operation in the Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems - IEA Wind.

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Table 9.1: International Activities

 Name  Type  Description  UK Contact Point
IEA Wind IEA Implementing Agreement Founded in 1974, the IEA Wind Agreement sponsors cooperative research tasks and provides a forum for international discussion and information exchange on the planning and execution of national wind system projects. There are 20 member countries (including Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and United States), the European Commission, the European Wind Energy Association, and the Chinese Wind Energy Association.
There are thirteen collaborative tasks, several of which are complete, while many are still active:
Base Technology Information Exchange, Wind Energy in Cold Climates, Offshore Wind Energy Technology and Deployment, Integration of Wind and Hydro Power Systems, Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind Power, Cost of Wind Energy, Labeling Small Wind Turbines, Social Acceptance of Wind Energy Projects, MexNext Aerodynamics, Comparison of Dynamic Computer Codes and Models for Offshore Wind Energy, WAKEBENCH - Benchmarking Wind Farm Flow Models, Wind lidar systems for wind energy deployment (LIDAR), Reliability Data.
The activities of national programmes and of the collaborative R&D projects are reported each year in Annual Reports (UK 2011 Annual Report), which are available on the IEA website.
Richard Court, NAREC

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